General Information About Foot and Ankle Conditions:

Achilles Tendon
Achilles tendinitis is inflammation of the Achilles (uh-KIL-eez) tendon, the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone.

Ankle Instability
Ankle instability occurs when the outer part of the ankle is weak and constantly gives out while walking, running, standing or doing anything that puts weight on your ankle. It causes pain, swelling and difficulty walking.

Ankle Sprain
Signs and symptoms of a sprained ankle include:
*Pain, especially when you bear weight on it
*Swelling and sometimes, bruising
*Restricted range of motion
Some people hear or feel a "pop" at the time of injury
Arthritic Foot & Ankle Care
Symptoms of arthritic foot include the following: pain, stiffness, tenderness, reduced motion, and swelling. These symptoms require ankle care.

Athlete's Foot Infections
Athlete's foot is a skin disease caused by a fungus, usually occurring between the toes.

A bunion is an enlargement of the joint at the base of the big toe—the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint—that forms when the bone or tissue at the big toe joint moves out of place.

Corns & Calluses
Corns and calluses are thick, hardened layers of skin that develop when your skin tries to protect itself against friction and pressure.

Crush Injuries
Crush injuries of the foot are serious and can be difficult to manage. These complex injuries often involve soft tissue and osseous structures. Potentially devastating complications and long term sequelae can occur if these injuries are underestimated or mismanaged.

Custom Ankle Braces
recommended for ankle injuries.

Custom Orthotics
A custom orthotic puts your foot in an ideal position at every stage of walking, running and pivoting.

Diabetic Foot Infection
A diabetic foot infection is most simply defined as any inframalleolar infection in a person with diabetes mellitus.

Diagnostic Ultrasound
A non-invasive, non-painful technique performed with high frequency sound waves, unable to be heard by the human ear. Real time images of soft tissue and bone structures in the foot are obtained as the sound waves bounce off these structures, and the echoes are interpreted as images on a video screen. Many patients are familiar with this technique used during pregnancy to visualize their child. Ultrasound imaging allows the foot specialist to confirm a diagnosis in real time, and therefore prescribe a treatment plan faster than traditional methods.

Digital X-Rays
Digital X-Rays is the modern way of taking and examining x-rays of the bones in your foot and ankle.

Flat Feet
A medical condition in which the arch of the foot collapses, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground.

Foot and Ankle Injuries
Foot and Ankle Injuries happen every day. Broken bones, dislocations, sprains, contusions, infections, and other serious injuries can occur at any time. Early attention is vitally important. Whenever you sustain a foot or ankle injury, you should seek immediate treatment from a podiatric physician.

Proper footwear can reduce foot problems.

Forefoot Surgery
Many foot problems do not respond to "conservative" management. Your podiatric physician can determine when surgical intervention may be helpful. Often when pain or deformity persists, surgery may be appropriate to alleviate discomfort or to restore the function of your foot.

Fungal Toenails
An infection of nail fungus occurs when fungi infect one or more of your nails. A nail fungal infection may begin as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your fingernail or toenail.
Geriatric Foot Care
The geriatric patient has many of the same foot problems as the younger patient but their condition is often complicated by poor circulation, arthritis, bursitis, neuritis or other inflammatory conditions. Your feet should not hurt because you are older. Many of your conditions can be alleviated by modern foot care.

A hammertoe is a contracture- or-bending of the toe at the first joint of the digit, called the proximal interphalangeal joint.

Heel & Arch Pain
One of the more common injuries that runners and aerobic enthusiasts suffer from is heel and arch pain. Heel and arch pain can become a debilitating injury.

Heel Spur
A hook of bone that can form on the heel bone (calcaneus) and is associated with plantar fasciitis.

An infection occurs when germs multiply and cause damage to tissue. Bacteria cause infections.

Ingrown Toenail
Ingrown Toenail occurs when the edge of the nail grows down and into the skin of the toe. There may be pain, redness, and swelling around the nail.

The list of injuries characterized as foot injuries is quite extensive.
  • Sprains to the feet and ankles are considered foot injuries
  • Overall pains in the feet are characterized as foot injuries
  • Straining the foot and ankle muscles can be considered a foot injury
  • Foot bone fractures are foot injuries
  • Foot muscle cramping is a foot injury
  • Edema, swelling of the feet and ankles caused by injury, is known as a foot injury
  • Plantar fasciitis is a very common foot injury that results in heel pain
  • Achilles tendonitis is also a common foot injury affecting the Achilles tendon

Mitchell Foot and Ankle is fully accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), demonstrating compliance with the Joint Commission's national standards for healthcare quality and safety.

Live Fluoroscopy
Fluoroscopy is an imaging technique commonly used by physicians to obtain real-time moving images of the internal structures of a patient through the use of a fluoroscope.

Metatarsalgia is a condition marked by pain and inflammation in the ball of your foot.

Nail Problems
Toenails often serve as barometers of our health; they are diagnostic tools providing the initial signal of the presence or onset of systemic diseases.

Neuroma is a painful condition that affects the ball of your foot, most commonly the area between your third and fourth toes. Morton's neuroma may feel as if you are standing on a pebble in your shoe or on a fold in your sock.

Orthotics are shoe inserts that are intended to correct an abnormal, or irregular, walking pattern. Orthotics can help relieve many feet ailments such as heel pain.

Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis (say "PLAN-ter fash-ee-EYE-tus") is the most common cause of heel pain. The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia, it gets weak, swollen, and irritated (inflamed). Then your heel or the bottom of your foot hurts when you stand or walk.

Platelet Rich Plasma Injections (PRP)
Will stimulate healing in conditions such as arthritis, plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow, knee problems, and the strengthening of damaged tendons.

Poor Circulation
The initial signs of circulation problems such as swollen ankles, cold feet or tingling or numbness are an early sign of more serious health problems if the poor circulation is not improved.

Rearfoot Surgery
Many conditions can affect the back portion of the foot and ankle. Fortunately, many of these problems can be resolved through conservative treatments. However when pain persists or deformity occurs, surgical intervention can often help alleviate pain, reduce deformity, and/or restore the function of your foot or ankle.

Warts are one of several soft tissue conditions of the foot that can be quite painful. They are caused by a virus, which generally invades the skin through small or invisible cuts and abrasions.
A person with a foot wound has a laceration, abrasion or puncture wound to the foot. The foot is the most common location for puncture wounds, which carry a higher risk of bacterial infection than abrasions or lacerations.      


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